Category: Eastern Europe


Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania. The name of the city originates from the Vilnia River. Historian Romas Batūra identifies the city with Voruta, one of the castles of Mindaugas, crowned in 1253 as King of Lithuania. During the reign of Vytenis a city started to emerge from a trading settlement and the first Franciscan Catholic church was built.


Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava river. Riga was founded in 1201. Riga’s historical centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, noted for its Art Nouveau / Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture.


Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. From the 13th century until 1918 (and briefly during the Nazi occupation of Estonia from 1941 to 1944), the city was known as Reval. Tallinn, first mentioned in 1219, received city rights in 1248, but the earliest human settlements date back 5,000 years.[